- They have the need to be able to receive remote payments electronically, without having to take a day out and to travel. Many people in poor communities need payments from families working in cities or elsewhere or use government grants or handouts as the means for subsistence. The act of receiving these payments are often expensive and complex.
- The ability to be able to save towards a target is not available. Even if some-one cultivates the discipline, the actual mechanisms (putting cash in a bottle or savings clubs etc.) are not convenient or safe. Many people want to buy something big or are planning a major expense (e.g. sending their kids to university etc.). The correct way that they should do this is by means of a targeted electronic savings product.
- If something happens (like an accident or an unplanned expense for instance), poor people also need access to lending products. Better still, many of these mishaps can be catered for by well-designed risk products. Most of these new financial products are only possible with efficient, electronic payment systems.
- I do believe that poor people also need to be able to have a record of their financial transactions. This is important from a number of perspectives, but the most important (I believe) is that such a transaction record will enable financial education. It is (for instance) extremely difficult to produce and manage a budget, if no record of financial transactions exist.
Wednesday, March 24, 2010
The need of the unbanked - or why is transformational banking necessary
What is it that poor communities really need in as far as financial services are concerned? Do people with a low income and very little money really need financial services? Because if they do not need financial services, what are we busy with... this banking the unbanked thing. So, I thought that I would list the things that I think people need in communities with limited resources, just to get the ball rolling: